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As the skeleton loses mineral as age progresses, its density naturally decreases. Heavy mineral loss, called bone resorption or osteoporosis, causes bones to become weaker and more prone to fracture. Although the discomfort is encountered in older women due to hormonal changes that occur with menopause, it can also be seen in men.


Bone resorption usually does not show any symptoms until a fracture occurs as a result of falling. However, if there is weakness and collapse in the vertebrae, it can cause back pain. Other symptoms of bone resorption include; there is swaying of the teeth, shortening of the stature, excessive inclination of the spine, protrusion or humpback. Bone density measurement shows the degree of bone resorption. Other important risk factors that may cause bone resorption, apart from menopause; Being thin-boned is weakness and inactivity. Excessive alcohol consumption, poor nutrition and smoking also increase this risk.


You can take many precautions to prevent osteoporosis. There is no age to start these measures. Encourage children to drink at least two glasses of milk a day so they can have the highest bone density. In childhood, when growth is fast, it is recommended to consume full-fat milk up to the age of two and then low-fat milk. If we talk about the diet, adjust your diet to get the necessary minerals. Dairy products (low-fat milk, cheese, yoghurt), dark green leafy vegetables (black cabbage, greens, broccoli), beans, carrots, almonds and fish with edible bones (sardines, canned salmon) can be counted among the sources of calcium. Vitamin D is necessary for strong bones. We can also provide our skin with sunlight for about fifteen minutes a day under appropriate conditions.


Finally, reducing salt consumption, carbonated drinks, caffeine, alcohol prevents your bones from losing minerals. Regular exercise is beneficial. Just be careful with exercises. Although regular exercise plays an important role in treatment, it is necessary to get advice from a medical professional first. Long and vigorous exercises can aggravate this ailment. Exercises to bear the weight of our body, such as walking, jogging, and dancing, also help us build strong bones. The important thing here is to be cautious and remember to feed our bones, it's never too late.

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